WASHINGTON — Donald J. Trump’s attorneys laid out their first prolonged impeachment defense on Monday, arguing that holding him chargeable for the lethal Jan. 6 Capitol assault was nothing greater than “political theater” by Democrats, and that the Senate had no energy to sit down in judgment of a former president.

In a 78-page brief submitted to the Senate on the eve of the trial, the lawyers asserted that Mr. Trump didn’t “direct anybody to commit illegal actions” or deserve blame for the conduct of what they known as a “small group of criminals” who stormed into the Capitol. They mentioned the previous president’s rash of falsehoods a few stolen election, delivered at a rally outdoors the White Home earlier than the pro-Trump mob mounted its assault, had been protected by the First Modification.

Counting on contested authorized arguments, additionally they contended that the Senate “lacks jurisdiction” to strive a former president as a result of, by definition, he can’t be eliminated.

Hours later, in their own filing, the Democratic impeachment managers from the Home known as the attorneys’ try and dismiss their cost “wholly with out benefit,” and argued that the Structure gave them clear jurisdiction to proceed.

Mr. Trump’s protection gave the impression to be aimed toward persuading not less than 34 Republicans wanted to win acquittal on the cost of “incitement of rebellion” to stay with the previous president, regardless of their outrage over an assault that put their lives in danger. And it brimmed with partisan assaults.

“This impeachment continuing was by no means about looking for justice,” wrote the attorneys, Bruce L. Castor Jr., David I. Schoen and Michael T. van der Veen. “As an alternative, this was solely ever a egocentric try by Democratic management within the Home to prey upon the sentiments of horror and confusion that fell upon all People throughout the complete political spectrum upon seeing the destruction on the Capitol on Jan. 6 by just a few hundred individuals.”

The Home managers framed it as a substitute as an effort to carry Mr. Trump accountable for egregious actions and to disqualify him from holding workplace sooner or later.

“As charged within the article of impeachment, President Trump violated his oath of workplace and betrayed the American individuals,” the managers wrote. “His incitement of rebellion in opposition to america authorities — which disrupted the peaceable switch of energy — is essentially the most grievous constitutional crime ever dedicated by a president.”

The flurry of written arguments arrived as the principles and timeline for the trial got here into sharper concentrate on Monday and as Washington braced for the second impeachment trial of Mr. Trump in two years. High Senate leaders reached a bipartisan agreement to arrange an exceptionally swift continuing that might conclude in lower than half of the time of Mr. Trump’s first trial.

The foundations enable both sides as much as 16 hours to make its case and provides the Home managers the choice of forcing a debate and vote on whether or not to incorporate witnesses on the trial. Senators had initially deliberate to honor a request from Mr. Schoen to recess the trial at sunset on Friday and reconvene on Sunday to watch the Jewish Sabbath, however he abruptly pulled again his request late Monday, saying the protection might go forward with out him.

Both manner, a remaining vote on conviction or acquittal might happen early subsequent week.

After beginning Mr. Trump’s first impeachment trial in utter acrimony last year, Senators Chuck Schumer, Democrat of New York and the bulk chief, and Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, the Republican chief, each lauded the settlement on Monday as honest, as did Mr. Trump’s group, setting a extra cooperative tone for the continuing that senators hope will lend legitimacy to its final result.

“It preserves due course of and the rights of either side,” Mr. McConnell mentioned. “It can give senators, as jurors, ample time to evaluation the case and the arguments that every aspect will current.”

Republican leaders fear that days of intense concentrate on a graphic retelling of the former president’s campaign to overturn his election loss might additional cleave their occasion and distract from efforts to show the web page on Mr. Trump. Already, a half-dozen Republican senators have indicated they’re open to conviction, however others are warily eyeing an intense backlash in opposition to the ten Home Republicans who voted to question.

The Home managers deliberate to argue that as president, Mr. Trump sowed the lie that he gained the 2020 election, pressured election officers to overturn the outcomes and eventually educated his consideration on Congress, summoning and directing a mob of supporters to attempt to cease lawmakers assembly on the Capitol on Jan. 6 from formalizing President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr.’s victory.

For Democrats now answerable for Congress and the White Home, the continuing threatens to complicate Mr. Biden’s makes an attempt to quickly pass a nearly $2 trillion coronavirus stimulus bill. Senators have vowed to proceed engaged on the plan earlier than the trial begins every day, but when nothing else, the trial will show an unwelcome distraction for a White Home attempting to indicate it’s centered on a once-in-a-century well being disaster.

“I’m simply not going to have any extra for you, weighing in on impeachment,” Jen Psaki, the White Home press secretary, instructed reporters on Monday. “It’s a giant story. However our focus is on the ‘American Rescue Plan.’”

Maybe fittingly for a trial with out precedent, the continuing is to start on Tuesday with a prolonged debate over whether or not it’s even constitutional for the Senate to go ahead. Mr. Trump’s attorneys and the Home managers shall be given as much as 4 hours to debate the purpose earlier than senators take an up-or-down vote on whether or not to proceed.

A majority of senators have already indicated they consider attempting Mr. Trump is constitutional, however what number of Republicans vote to advance might be instructive. Late final month, 45 of them voted to successfully dismiss the case on constitutional grounds. However since then, a prominent Republican lawyer, Charles J. Cooper, has joined those arguing against their place, and several other senators have mentioned they may rethink.

The Structure doesn’t explicitly say a technique or one other whether or not a former official might be impeached or tried for offenses dedicated whereas in workplace.

Analyzing the plain textual content and citing a 1787 debate over the Structure, Mr. Trump’s group argued on Monday that the founders supposed impeachment as a mechanism solely to take away somebody from workplace. As a result of Mr. Trump is now a personal citizen, they wrote, the Home’s cost is “moot and a non-justiciable” and eradicating him could be “patently ridiculous.”

A majority of constitutional students disagree with that reasoning. They are saying the founders by no means supposed to exempt somebody like Mr. Trump from trial and level out that the Senate voted within the nineteenth century to strive a former warfare secretary.

Of their transient, the Home managers indicated they’d make an analogous argument.

“Presidents swear a sacred oath that binds them from their first day in workplace by way of their final,” they wrote. “There isn’t a ‘January exception’ to the Structure that enables presidents to abuse energy of their remaining days with out accountability.”

The managers additionally pre-emptively attacked as “completely baseless” claims by Mr. Trump’s attorneys that he couldn’t be held accountable for his remarks across the riot as a result of they had been protected by the First Modification.

And so they had been simply as blunt about Mr. Trump’s extra substantive defenses: “To name these responses implausible could be an act of charity,” they wrote.

However in its transient on Monday, Mr. Trump’s authorized group was adamant that it was the prosecution substituting opinions about what occurred with information.

The attorneys mentioned that when Mr. Trump repeatedly urged 1000’s of supporters gathered outdoors the White Home on the morning of the assault to “combat like hell,” he meant it in a “figurative sense.” The submitting dedicates a piece to the usage of the phrase “combat” by Democrats, together with Speaker Nancy Pelosi, and says that Mr. Trump needs to be taken at his phrase when he additionally instructed the gang to proceed “peacefully.”

The attorneys additionally argued that proof displaying some rioters had deliberate their assault upfront exonerated Mr. Trump. However that truth alone doesn’t undermine the Home’s cost, which says the incitement occurred over a matter of weeks as Mr. Trump whipped up supporters to “cease the steal” — not simply on Jan. 6.

“The true fact is that the individuals who criminally breached the Capitol did so of their very own accord and for their very own causes, and they’re being criminally prosecuted,” Mr. Trump’s attorneys wrote.

At one other level, regardless of knocking the Home managers for counting on journalistic accounts, the attorneys cited the right-wing Gateway Pundit weblog to say — opposite to proof — that there had been some “anti-Trump” components among the many rioters.

Foreshadowing what could also be some of the contentious factual disputes of the trial, the protection group wrote in a footnote the Home’s damning cost that Mr. Trump “delighted” in watching the assault and purposefully kept away from sending in reinforcements was “completely incorrect.”

His attorneys mentioned Mr. Trump and the White Home “took fast steps” to “present no matter was essential to counteract the rioters.” Any delay was the results of “complicated procedural components concerned in quelling a riot on the Capitol and on the Mall.”

“There isn’t a reliable proof, nor can there ever be, that President Trump was ‘delighted’ by the occasions on the Capitol,” they wrote. “He, like the remainder of the nation, was horrified on the violence.”

The Home managers who’re prosecuting the case disagreed, however their evidentiary report is skinny on this space. They primarily based their rivalry on information stories and accounts by lawmakers who known as Mr. Trump’s aides pleading for assist that day, but additionally on Mr. Trump’s personal phrases. Specifically, the prosecutors famous that even because the rampage was unfolding, Mr. Trump was nonetheless concentrating on Vice President Mike Pence on Twitter for not unilaterally overturning the consequence as he oversaw the counting of electoral votes.

Charlie Savage contributed reporting from Washington, and Maggie Haberman from New York.

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