Djibouti’s President Ismail Omar Guelleh is anticipated to increase his more-than-20-year rule when the nation heads to the polls on Friday.
Guelleh, 73, is going through political newcomer Zakaria Ismail Farah, his solely rival after conventional opposition events determined to boycott the election.
A businessman specialised within the importation of cleansing merchandise, Farah, 56, is seen by observers as unlikely to pose a major problem to the person who has held energy within the Horn of Africa nation for 22 years.
Guelleh, flanked by his spouse and authorities officers, wrapped up his marketing campaign on Wednesday with a vibrant ultimate rally in a stadium filled with cheering supporters and conventional dancers.
“As I see you right now in giant numbers, I’m positive that additionally, you will are available giant numbers to the polling stations,” Guelleh mentioned earlier than crowds sporting T-shirts emblazoned along with his initials, IOG.
Djibouti is a largely desert nation strategically located on one of many world’s busiest commerce routes and on the crossroads between Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, a brief distance from war-torn Yemen.
Underneath Guelleh, the nation has exploited this geographical benefit, investing closely in ports and logistics infrastructure.
“He gave hope to the youth, and constructed ports for this nation. Due to him we’re not unemployed,” mentioned 23-year-old Halima Saad, one of many estimated 25,000 who attended Wednesday’s rally.
However the nation has additionally has seen an erosion of press freedom and a crackdown on dissent because it has courted international curiosity.
“Little by little, there was a hardening of the regime since 1999,” mentioned Sonia Le Gouriellec, a political scientist.
“The extra it has opened to the world, the extra it has closed internally.”
Guelleh’s predicted fifth time period will probably be his final after a 2010 constitutional reform scrapped time period limits whereas introducing an age restrict of 75, which might lock him out of future elections.
Djibouti’s election marketing campaign got here because the nation noticed COVID-19 an infection charges soar by 38 p.c prior to now week, with about 200 instances a day within the nation of virtually a million folks, and the speed of optimistic assessments at 23 p.c.
Nonetheless, hundreds turned out for rallies for the governing Union for the Presidential Majority (UMP), and few wore masks within the packed stands at Guelleh’s ultimate marketing campaign handle within the capital.
Farah – who needed to resign his twin French citizenship to affix the race – held a number of small rallies earlier than cancelling the remaining within the 10 days main as much as the polls.
He complained that he was not provided safety providers for his rallies.
The challenger, who has styled himself because the “flag-bearer of poor Djiboutians”, appeared along with his wrists certain and mouth taped final month at one in every of his rallies to protest “unequal therapy”.
In 2020, Guelleh confronted an uncommon wave of opposition protests, which have been brutally suppressed, after the arrest of an air pressure pilot who had denounced clan-based discrimination and corruption.
Police broke up a number of spontaneous small anti-Guelleh protests within the run-up to the election.
Dependence on China
Djibouti, which gained independence from France in 1977, has remained steady in an usually troubled area, drawing international army powers corresponding to France, the USA and China to determine bases there.
The nation, in search of to change into a commerce and logistics hub, in 2018 launched the primary part of what is going to be Africa’s greatest free-trade zone, financed by China.
The Asian powerhouse – which sees Djibouti as a crucial a part of its “Belt and Street” world infrastructure initiative – additionally funded the constructing of a railway to Ethiopia.
“Beforehand, there have been many alliances … What occurred over the last mandate is that they fell right into a … complete dependence on China,” Le Gouriellec mentioned.
On the worldwide stage, Djibouti suffered a setback in its diplomatic ambitions in 2020 when it misplaced out to Kenya for a non-permanent seat on the UN Safety Council.
The nation’s financial system shrank by 1 p.c in 2020, however is anticipated to develop 7 p.c this yr, in keeping with the Worldwide Financial Fund.
Djibouti’s GDP per capita is about $3,500, larger than a lot of sub-Saharan Africa, however about 20 p.c of the inhabitants lives in excessive poverty and 26 p.c are unemployed, in keeping with the World Financial institution.